Elements of Drama: Tension

tensionPart 3 in a series exploring the use of various dramatic elements.

My definition of tension:

Tension can sometimes be used as an interchangeable term with conflict.  But where it differs, lies in the development of suspense in a performance.  As the audience anticipates certain outcomes in the plot, the tension builds.  An obvious example of rising tension is in a mystery or whodunit.  The development of tension usually parallels the advancement of the plot, leading to a crisis or climax. Tension is closely linked with timing.

After a bit of workshopiing and analytical discussion, my Drama students concluded:

  • tension should preferably have the opportunity to build in the drama
  • if tension builds too slowly, it will die in the middle of a scene
  • if tension builds too quickly, it may appear ineffective or artificial
  • pace now becomes a key factor in the development of tension
  • tension can occur when performers raise their voice > shouting
  • the opposite is also true, as tension can also occur with stillness and silence in the drama
  • tension can be created by the unknown
  • tension can be created simply by the audience following where characters look on (or off) stage
  • tension can be created via heavy use of emotion/s with and between characters
  • blocking (positioning of actors) can also create tension
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48 comments on “Elements of Drama: Tension

  1. Hey, I need some one to please tell me what the other elements of drama are?

    Like, The

    Tension, Mystery, Relationship etc. i cant remeber the others, and i REALLY need them for my drama assignement,

    thankyou, X

  2. Role, Relationship, Situation, Tension, Focus, Mood, Symbol, Language, Movement, Space, Ti

  3. Contrast, Climax, Conflict, Mood, Rhythm, Sound, Symbol, Space, Timing, Tension, Language, Focus

    there the ones we sorta focus on

  4. My theatre class just finished a production of Dark of The Moon. Tension is the most important element. Watching the performance, I can now say that tension is very simply two people sharing the same space with different needs or even the same needs. The problem is one is matter, the other anti-matter. As long as they don’t make contact the “tension” between them can be measured by the physical distance, the psychological/emotional distance……tension can be created by two people standing at the farthest end of the stage from each other, or two people only arms length apart….tension is a psychological war…tension is fighting for one’s existence …tension can be those same two people struggling to come together…when all forces are against the union…tension is very simply internal struggle physicalized and bouncing off a resistant force. I think it is really that simple. Tempo-rhythm plays a significant role in sending that message to the audience. The playwright is directly responsible for building “tension.” The structure of the play will either build to the most electric moment, or if mistimed by superfluous writing, the tension can be lost. I’ve discovered my students find it organically if the text is well-written.

    • I need to explain how I used tension in my group performance how do I do that please help it due so soon. – please help

  5. A question for Wanda.

    Just wondering where you got a copy of Dark of the Moon as it sounds interesting and I need to find 4 class plays this year?

  6. I think Tension can best be described as the anticipation of what is to come. That is the how I teach it and it seems to be the best way of communicating this to the students!

    • hey Renee,

      just a question, from a teacher’s perspective, what do you think of this website and what age group fo students do you teach? how long have you been teaching and what kind of experiences have you had working with your students? sorry if you think im prying im just alittle curious

      thanks you Renee,

      The Student

  7. My list of dramatic elements are as follows:

    Dramatic Structure
    Dramatic Meaning
    Audience engagement


  8. Kehinde-Agbeyangi Priscilla

    December 29, 2010 at 1:31 am Reply

    please i need a brief explanation on the people involed in drama

  9. hiii how can we use tension focus in sentence??

    please reply 🙂

  10. l think thats cool

  11. john miguel c. velasbasta

    August 18, 2011 at 9:46 pm Reply

    estoryaheee. it is not the one .

  12. Can anyone define relationship

  13. hi there are only 12 right

    • If you’re doing VCE Drama, yes. If you’re studying drama or theatre elsewhere, the list may be different.

  14. Can anyone please tell me how tension and mood are both similar.

    I woud also like to know how tension is different from mood.

    I really need this for a drama assignment at school…can anyone please answer?


  15. Tension can be a key contributor to the creation of mood in a drama and vice-versa, where a particular mood can also contribute to tension between characters in a scene. Tension and mood sometimes (but not always) work hand in hand. Often tension and mood do not work together because they are different elements in a dramatic piece. A mood can be light and fluffy and have no relation at all to tension. More serious or dramatic moods, however, are closely linked to tension and this is where tension and conflict become similar elements, and furthermore where tension and timing work together. I often say to my students its like MasterChef, where all the elements of drama are the ingredients that work together to create an effective theatre piece, but certain elements are not always related in particular circumstances.

  16. Thank you! I need help for my drama project and y ou got my lots of helpful hint to help me act out 🙂

  17. Pondering Student :)

    August 16, 2014 at 8:10 am Reply

    Hi, I am wondering what context and what does it mean in my drama assignment when it says Tension of Relationship ?? :/

  18. Many people divide tension into four separate types that can be created for a novel, stage play, film etc:
    – tension of MYSTERY (the unknown)
    – tension of SURPRISE (plot twist, shock)
    – tension of the TASK (objectives need to be achieved, obstacles get in the way)
    – tension of RELATIONSHIPS (between characters)

    In theatre, tension of relationships is concerned with character relationships in the play. Obvious relationships are those that are bound by love or marriage (husband/wife), but also think of the tension in relationships in some of Shakespeare’s plays between siblings with differing motives or ambitions (brother/sister) and also parents and their children (King Lear and his three daughters, for example). Status is often a factor in character relationships, defining which characters are more important. Tension is integral to all character relationships. If you think of everyday life, a single relationship between any two people is often defined by factors such as circumstance, environment, wealth etc. Relationships can be casual, romantic, family, professional. Relationships can also be open or closed (secrets withheld from each other). All of these types of relationships occur in plays for the theatre, as playwrights to some extent are attempting to mirror familiar aspects of real life on stage for their audience. Tension in character relationships can be achieved by plot, dialogue, movement, gesture, body language etc.

    Hope this helps you a bit with your drama assignment, Pondering Student 🙂

  19. What is the dramatic elements of tension?

  20. This question for my homework which is due tomorrow.

  21. How did the integration of this element enhance your performance?

    This question is for my homework which is due tomorrow.

  22. What is the word that means, the spacing between charaters that relates to class, wealth or general domination of that scene? Like when a scared character moves back or a character moves closer because they are intrigued.

  23. I have an essay on this regarding Romeo and Juliet. Im scared.

  24. good afternoon
    today my drama teacher gave assignment we have this word in my assignment Situation and i don’t what dose it mean

  25. what is tension

  26. namo genesis tsakua

    February 11, 2016 at 5:25 pm Reply

    I am namo Genesis, I think I am beginning
    to b addicted to this site,but pls,kip updating the site

  27. I need to know place, The relative status of the characters
    Dramatic tension – both tension of task and tension of relationship
    Resolution of the tensions by the end of the scene.

  28. I have to do a drama review on a play, and I was wondering if there was a specific term to be used when each scene in the play has the same amount of tension, so the tension doesn’t build. In the play I watched, the tension started high and remained high until the conclusion. If you could help, I would really apreciate it.

  29. I am not familiar with a particular term for this, Emma.

  30. Can you give me some pointers about this question? How could you use ONE convention of Melodrama and ONE element of Drama to highlight the relationship between characters?

  31. Paul, how about the use of the ASIDE in Melodrama highlighting the upcoming TENSION in the relationship between characters on stage?

  32. Please who can explain the structure and movement of drama. Thank you

  33. Prefer not to say

    May 4, 2017 at 5:31 am Reply

    i couldnt read this without glancing at that photo more than a few times. Slightly disturbing

  34. Great post! Have nice day ! 🙂

  35. what is same time, same place ?

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